McAULEY, Jeremiah, missionary,
born in Ireland in 1839; died in New York
city, 18 September, 1884. At the age of thirteen
he was sent to a married sister in New York
city, and assisted her husband in his business,
but, forming vicious associations, left them
soon, and lived in Water street, where he
became a thief and a prize-fighter. At the
age of nineteen he was arrested for highway
robbery, and, although innocent of the charge,
was convict ed and sentenced to fifteen years'
imprisonment. When he had been about five
years in prison he became religious, but after
he was pardoned, in March, 1864, he returned
to his evil practices. When reduced to poverty,
he found a friend in a missionary, who aided
him to find work, and reawakened his religious
convictions. After repeated relapses, he entered
the Methodist church, and in October, 1872,
opened a mission called the "Helping
Hand" in Water street. He was very successful
in arousing religious feelings in the degraded,
assisted by his wife, MARIA, who had been
his companion in vice. In 1882 they opened
the "Cremorne Mission," and in June,
1883, he began the publication of a weekly
called "Jerry McAuley's Newspaper."
See "Jerry McAuley, his Life and Work,"
an autobiography, edited by the Reverend Robert
M. Offord (New York, 1885).